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Sexually transmitted diseases and infection in colleges what to know and do

As a college student, it is paramount to be conscious of sexually transmitted diseases and the fact that no sex is the best option, however, if you need to do it, safe sex is the only option. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) contributes to the list of the unpleasant diseases in young adult and college students. College students (15-24 years old) are the 25% of the sexually active population of the world and 50% sexually transmitted diseases are reported thus the percentage of young adults and college students with sexually transmitted diseases are higher. Sexually transmitted diseases have a huge effect on college student health, they are epidemics and present enormous economic consequences.

The prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases such as Chlamydia trachomatis infection in young females, gonorrhoea, and syphilis cases are alarming in the colleges due to unprotected sex. The problem of sexually transmitted diseases is compounded because many STDs are without symptoms and can be very difficult to control. Thus if you suspect any changes to your genitals, please visit your GP so that you can be tested and treated with your partner. sexually transmitted diseases transmission is increased due to biological and behavioural factors such as multiple sexual partners and lack of information about transmission and contraction of STD, thus the reason for this essay.

Sexually transmitted diseases and infection in colleges what to know and do
Sexually transmitted diseases and infection in colleges what to know and do

Apart from the known STD, high-risk sexual behaviour often leads to college student pregnancies and HIV/AIDS. These can have a great implication on your academics, goal and education, thus it is better to plan and play wise. Many colleges student’s contracts STD, or HIV or get pregnant because of their nonchalant attitude, lack of information about STD transmission or ignoring of precautions required for safe sex.

The types of STDs are discussed below.

Chlamydia trachomatis

Genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases and frequently reported, more common in women than in men. If untreated Chlamydia trachomatis may cause infection or inflammation of the urethra (urethritis), epididymis (epididymitis), Cervix (cervicitis), fallopian tubes (salpingitis) etc. In some cases, a Chlamydia infection has no symptoms in the female which could lead to inflammation of the pelvic and future infertility. Thus as a student staying safe is the best. In addition, chlamydia could also facilitate HIV infection and can be transferred to babies during delivery. Based on the lack of symptoms for Chlamydia, the screening is recommended for all sexually active women especially college students less than 26 years old.

Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is also a sexually transmitted disease which could also cause urethritis, cervicitis, and/or salpingitis. Gonorrhoea infection is higher in women than in men. However, in women, Gonorrhoea is not diagnosed until complications which could lead to infertility. Neisseria gonorrhoea can also lead to ectopic pregnancies. Also because Gonorrhoea is without symptoms in women, it is recommended that sexually active college students get tested often. Previous gonorrhoea infection also predisposes the patients to another infection and the rate of infection is increased by multiple sex partners, inconsistent condom use, drug addiction and commercial sex work.

Gonorrhoea infections facilitate HIV infection and transmission.

Syphilis

Syphilis is caused by Treponema pallidum and causes ulcers to the genital areas, and have huge complication if left untreated e.g. transmission of HIV. If syphilis is not treated, it could lead to the stillbirth. Syphilis infection is characterised by ulcer or chancre at the genital area, and also rash, lesions, and tertiary infection.

Human papillomavirus

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is another sexually transmitted disease which could lead to anogenital cancers in the future. Human papillomavirus infection is characterised by the presence of visible growths on the genitalia region. Moreover, human papillomavirus infection could also be without symptoms. Thus the best and safest thing to do if you are sexually active is to visit a GP and get tested.

Herpes simplex

Genital herpes is a viral infection and includes the HSV-1 and HSV-2.

Prevention of STDs

The most effective method for prevention of sexually transmitted disease is abstinence, however, for sexually active male college students, the use of a condom can protect against STDs.

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